Authoritarian parents create insecure children: study

Researchers from the University of Valencia (UV) have identified the effects of the way parents bring up their children on social structure in Spain. Their conclusions show that punishment, deprivation and strict rules impact on a family’s self esteem.

“The objective was to analyse which style of parental socialisation is ideal in Spain by measuring the psychosocial adjustment of children”, Fernando García, co-author of the study and a researcher at the UV, tells SINC.

The study, which has been published in the latest issue of the journal Infancia y Aprendizaje, was produced on the basis of a nationwide surrey carried out on 948 children and teenagers aged between 10 and 14 (52% of whom were girls), describing the socialisation practices of their parents. On the basis of these answers, the families were classified into one of four classic parental socialisation types – authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent and neglectful.

The results show that the ideal family style in Spain is the indulgent one. “The scores for children from indulgent families were the same, or even better, than those from authoritative families”, the researcher points out.

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